Training 2015 - Assessing and Exploiting Control Systems
From BruCON 2016
Tactical Exploitation and Response
This is not your traditional SCADA security course! How many courses send you home with your own PLC and a set of hardware/RF hacking tools?!? This course teaches hands-‐on penetration testing techniques used to test individual components of a control system, including embedded electronic field devices, network protocols, RF communications, and master servers. Skill learned apply directly to systems such as the Smart Grid, PLCs, RTUs, smart meters, building management, manufacturing, Home Area Networks (HAN), smart appliances, SCADA, substation automation, and synchrophasors. This course is structured around the formal penetration testing methodology created by UtiliSec for the United States Department of Energy. Using this methodology and SamuraiSTFU (Security Testing Framework for Utilities), an open source Linux distribution for pentesting energy sector systems and other critical infrastructure, we'll perform hands-‐on penetration testing tasks on user interfaces (on master servers and field device maintenance interfaces), control system protocols (modbus, DNP3, IEC 60870-‐5-‐104), RF communications (433MHz, 869MHz, 915MHz), and embedded circuit attacks (memory dumping, bus snooping, JTAG, and firmware analysis). We’ll tie these techniques and exercises back to control system devices that can be tested using these techniques. The course exercises will be performed on a mixture of real world and simulated devices to give students the most realistic experience as possible in a portable classroom setting.
Advances in modern control systems such as the energy sector’s “Smart Grid” brings great benefits for asset owners/operators and customers alike, however these benefits come at a cost from a security perspective. With increased functionality and addition inter-‐system communication, modern control systems bring a greater risk of compromise that both asset owners/operators and customers must accept to realize the desired benefits. To minimize this risk, penetration testing in conjunction with other security assessment types must be performed to minimize vulnerabilities before attackers can exploit critical infrastructures that exist in all countries around the world.
- Attendees will be able to explain the steps and methodology used in performing penetration tests on
Industrial Control and Smart Grid systems.
- Attendees will be able to use the free and open source tools in SamuraiSTFU to discover and identify
vulnerabilities in web applications.
- Attendees will be able to exploit several hardware, network, user interface, and server-‐side
Students must have:
- Familiarity with scripting languages such as Python/Perl/Ruby
- A familiarity with Windows and Linux administration
- Familiarity with the malware analysis and reverse engineering malware processes
Software and hardware requirements
Student machines must be able to run at least 2 virtual machines utilizing VMware Workstation 8.0 and above (which can be obtained through a demo license). To run multiple machines usually means at least 4 gigs of memory is needed. Student laptops must be running either OSX, Linux, or Windows and must have the ability to disable all antivirus, sniff traffic, adjust firewalls, etc. Students are responsible for bringing a XP or Windows 7 VMware virtual machine that can be instrumented and infected with malware.
Russ Gideon has many years of experience in information security fulfilling many diverse roles from being a core component of an Incident Response operation to managing an effective Red Team. Russ excels both at malware reverse engineering, which enables him to deeply understand how the attackers do what they do, as well as at high end Red Teaming where he has to penetrate sophisticated and well protected high value systems. Russ currently serves as the Director of Malware Research at Attack Research, LLC.
More information is available on carnal0wnage
Mon. 5 - 7 October 2015 (09:00 - 17:00)